Learners and Learning

 

Resources on Learner Motivation

Adams, Nan. Andragogy: Adult learning theory.

Dörnyei, Zoltán. Motivation in second language learning. In M. Celce-Murcia, D. M. Brinton, and M. A. Snow, Eds., Teaching English as a second or foreign language. (4th ed.). National Geographic Learning (Cengage), 2014.

Gardner, Robert C., & Wallace E. Lambert. Attitudes and motivation in second language learning. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1972.

Horwitz, Elaine. Motivation. Lesson 2 in Foreign language teaching methods: The language learner. Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning (COERLL).

Omaggio Hadley, Alice. On learning a language: Some theoretical perspectives. Chapter 2 in A. Omaggio Hadley, Teaching language in context (3rd ed.). Boston: Heinle, 2001.

⇒ Read the Essentials page on learner motivation here

 

Resources on Language Acquisition and Interlanguage

Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA). Overview on interlanguage.

Eaton, Sarah Elaine. How long does it take to learn a second language? Applying the 10,000-hour rule as a model for fluency. Calgary: Onate Press, 2011.

Language Testing International. How long does it take to become proficient?

Omaggio Hadley, Alice. On learning a language: Some theoretical perspectives. Chapter 2 in A. Omaggio Hadley, Teaching language in context (3rd ed.). Boston: Heinle, 2001.

⇒ Read the Essentials page on language acquisition here

 

Resources on Successful Language Learners

Rubin, Joan. What the “good language learner” can teach us. TESOL Quarterly 9 (1975).

Stevick, Earl. Success with foreign languages: Seven who achieved it and what worked for them. New York: Prentice Hall, 1989.

Wenden, A. How to be a successful learner: Insights and prescriptions from L2 learners. In A. Wenden & J. Rubin (Eds.), Learner strategies in language learning. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

⇒ Read the Essentials page on promoting learner engagement here

 

Resources on Multiple Intelligences

Christison, Mary Ann. Applying multiple intelligences theory in preservice and inservice TEFL programs. U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, 1999.

Christison, Mary Ann, and Deborah Kennedy. Multiple Intelligences: Theory and Practice in Adult ESL. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics, 1999.

Edutopia Staff. Multiple intelligences: What does the research say? Edutopia, 2016.

Edutopia Staff. Multiple intelligences self-assessment.

Gardner, Howard. A beginner’s guide to the theory of multiple intelligences. MI OASIS.

Strauss, Valerie. Howard Gardner: ‘Multiple intelligences’ are not ‘learning styles.’ The Washington Post, October 16, 2013.

⇒ Read the Essentials page on multiple intelligences theory here

 

Resources on Learning Strategies

Chamot, Anna Uhl. CALLA Content and Language Learning Strategies. (2006).

Chamot, Anna Uhl. Issues in Language Learning Strategy Research and Teaching. Electronic Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, Vol. 1 (2004).

Cohen, Andrew D. Second language learning and use strategies: Clarifying the issues. Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition, 1996.

Cohen, Andrew D. Strategy training for second language learners. ERIC Digest ED482492 (2003).

National Capital Language Resource Center. Defining and Organizing Language Learning Strategies.

Oxford, Rebecca. Language learning styles and strategies: An overview. In Jacqueline van Kampen & Sergio Baauw, Eds., Proceedings of GALA 2003. Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics, 2004.

Rubin, Joan. Teaching language-learning strategies. In C. Chapelle, Ed., The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (Blackwell, 2013).

Wong, Lillian L. C., & David Nunan. The learning styles and strategies of effective language learners. System 39 (June 2011): 144-163.

Read the Essentials page on learning strategies here